An Anterior Cruciate Ligament repair, more often referred to as an ACL repair, is a form of orthopedic surgery. The three bones that meet to form your knee joint are the thighbone (femur), shinbone (tibia), and kneecap (patella). Bones are connected to other bones by means of ligaments. These act like strong ropes to hold the bones together and keep your knee stable. Usually athletes that play soccer, football, basketball or hockey are more susceptible to ACL tears. However, surgery may not always be required in every case.
Women tend to have higher chances of ACL damage than compared to men, perhaps due to differences in pelvis and lower extremity (leg) alignment. Surgery helps to restore a person’s quality of life and range of motion that has been hampered by this injury.
We’ll now consider what the torn ACL symptoms are & various treatment options for it.
Benefits of surgery
When suffering from a tear, torn ACL symptoms include knee pain that is consistent, increased stiffness in the knee, buckling of the knee, and decreased range of motion in the knee joint. While walking or getting in and out of a car, an increase in radiating knee pain reduces the range of motion for people who are affected by ACL damage. Usually surgery is a good option for most individuals, & we have listed some of the benefits below.
- When compared to traditional surgery, reconstruction surgery is less invasive.
- It helps to relieve pain.
- An early onset of osteoarthritis can be prevented.
- It involves a shorter recovery period.
- Range of motion is improved and restored.
- Helps to prevent Meniscal injuries.
Recovery and physical therapy
Before surgery, a patient would normally see the surgeon for a consultation to discuss any further questions and details to help prepare for the procedure. This includes taking into consideration the patient’s current medications and nutritional supplements, and the need to possibly discontinue them temporarily. This surgery requires anesthetic, which means patients are not allowed to eat or drink for at least 6 hours before the surgery. The operation begins with making minor incisions in the knee area and inserting a small camera to be able to see inside the joint. Tunnels are created in the bone, and new tissue is inserted through opening to replace the torn ACL. The tunnels in the bone are then filled in, and the incisions are stitched shut.
After surgery, a patient’s torn ACL symptoms will continue to improve after some time. Physical therapy is required to help with proper healing and provide a speedier recovery. It also helps with restoring the patient’s range of motion. Physical therapy is performed over a period of 4 to 6 months after the surgery. The sessions can begin after the stitches are removed from the surgery. Complete recovery is usually achieved after 6 months, or up to a year afterward. This recovery period will vary based on the severity of the condition, and other health factors relating to the patient.