Dental implants are metal posts attached surgically to the jawbone. When they are installed, a replacement tooth is mounted to the implant. Implants replace real teeth and function the same way. They can be an alternative to dentures or bridgework, especially in case there’s no natural root.
The way the surgery is performed depends on the type of implant and the condition of your jawbone. There may be more than just one procedure. Implants provide solid support for new teeth – the bone heals tightly around it. In most cases, they don’t cause any problems, however, about 5 to 10 percent of them fail shortly after the procedure or within a few years. That’s why it’s important to know a trusted surgeon. Attaching an implant can be expensive, so it’s a good idea to find a dentist abroad. Read on to learn more about implant risks.
Early implant problems
Early implant problems happen within a few months of the procedure. Remember that pain can last five to seven days. If it doesn’t improve, talk to your surgeon. It takes three to six months to heal completely. Don’t worry about pain and swelling – they’re totally normal after the procedure. However, there are other problems that can occur and you have to watch out for them:
Infection – it can happen during or after surgery and may be caused by smoking, bad oral hygiene or autoimmune disease,
Allergic Reaction – some dental implants contain titanium alloy, and you may be allergic to it. It can lead to a negative reaction which includes swelling, loss of taste, and sometimes a tingling sensation. Make sure to tell your surgeon if you’re allergic to titanium so that you can get an implant made of different materials,
Micro-movements – they can occur right after surgery if an implant isn’t stable enough. Usually, surgeons don’t attach a tooth immediately after surgery. First, jawbone needs to integrate with the implant. However, some surgeons replace a tooth immediately. Thanks to that, visits don’t have to be so frequent, but there can be more stress on the implant which may lead to failure,
Problems with bone support – if there isn’t enough bone, the implant won’t be able to integrate with the jaw properly. The surgeon shouldn’t complete the procedure if he knows the bone won’t be able to support the implant,
Ignoring your doctor’s instructions – there are specific instructions you should follow to make sure your implant functions properly. Your doctor may tell you to eat soft food until the implant site heals and remember about good oral hygiene.
Late implant problems
Very often, dental implants don’t cause any problems right after surgery, and they appear after several years. Some of them include:
Nerve or tissue damage – it happens when the surgeon attaches an implant too close to a nerve. Symptoms include numbness or tingling in the tongue, lips or gums,
Foreign body rejection – sometimes the body can reject the implant. It manifests by increased pain at the implant site, fever, swelling, and chills,
Injury – if the area near the implant gets injured, it can lead to loosening the implant, and failure, if the implant is placed in the upper jaw, it may protrude into the sinus cavity.